Teenagers undergo a number of physical changes. These changes are related to what experts refer to as growth hormones, special types of hormone that your brain releases when you hit puberty. In some cases, growth hormones can also cause illnesses.
As a teenager, it is wise to know the reasons why your body changes when you reach a certain age. This article is meant to explore the biological changes that occur due to teenage glands, and the diseases and discomforts associated with them.
Physical Changes That Occur Due to Teenage Glands
The main physical changes that happen during puberty include:
- Rapid physical growth
- Development of the primary and secondary sex characteristics
- Changes in the respiratory and circulatory system
- Changes in the body composition
The glands are mainly responsible for these changes that occur during adolescence.
When you reach a certain age, the brain releases special hormones for the pituitary gland. This gland releases the puberty hormones which affect a teenager’s physical development. Sometimes, the pituitary gland produces excessive puberty hormones and causes rapid acceleration in height or weight. This sudden physical development makes some teenagers feel conscious of how they look, as they appear different from teens of the same age. The production and release of these hormones cannot be controlled naturally.
Puberty hormones also affect the body’s sweat glands. During the time of puberty, the sweat glands become more active and release chemicals that interact with the body’s moisture. Sometimes the odor smells bad, which causes discomfort to teenagers. You will find that your body releases sweat more actively when you feel anxious or stressed. A good antiperspirant or deodorant can reduce the sweating and odor. Your sweat glands resume to normal after adolescence. You can consult a doctor if you experience excessive sweating.
An overactive sweat gland can also cause acne breakouts, as the gland releases both sweat and oil on the skin. Consulting a skin doctor or dermatologist can help control the occurrence of pimples and acne. Eating healthy foods with less fat or oil contents also aids in clearing this skin problem.
Illnesses Related to Teen Gland Changes
Puberty hormones can cause illnesses or certain physical deformations. One example is male breast growth or gynecomastia.
During puberty, some male teens may notice that one or both of their breasts are growing. This is called male breast enlargement or gynecomastia, a condition where males develop mammary glands. This is caused by the development or growth of glandular breast tissue inside the breasts. The condition typically lasts for only a few months, and it usually goes away when the growth hormones settle down. However, it can also be a sign of an underlying disorder, like an overactive thyroid gland, liver cirrhosis, low testosterone, genetic abnormalities, or cancer of the breast, testes, lung or adrenal gland. It is best to consult a doctor and get a general checkup if you notice that your breasts are growing unnaturally. Gynecomastia can also persist through adulthood, causing embarrassment and lower self-esteem among affected males. In this case, the breast tissue can be removed surgically.
Overall, physical developments are normal during the teenage years. These changes vary in individuals and some teens experience faster growth acceleration. Other teenagers may undergo slow or rapid physical growth when they hit puberty. Nevertheless, these developments officially commence your transition from a child to a teenager. It may be challenging at times, but remember that all of these are just a part of a phase that every teenager goes through.